Cause and Effect of Periodontal Disease

Removing Calculus | Peace Periodontics

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

The primary causes and effect of periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is the active bacteria living inside of the dental plaque inside your mouth. Your bodies response is to attack and try to get rid of the bacteria from your system. This causes the cells of your immune system to release substances that inflame and can damage the gums, the periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. This leads to swollen, bleeding gums which is the first sign of gingivitis, the earliest stage of periodontal disease.

What is Plaque?

Plaque is the extremely sticky substance that forms on your teeth very soon after you have just finished brushing.  The buildup of plaque below the gum-line can cause your gums to become inflamed. Removing plaque from your teeth and gums is important because if it is left on these surfaces, over time, it turns into a substance known as calculus.

Calculus, also known as tartar, and plaque buildup in layers. When calculus is not removed from the teeth and sits around the gumline, the plaque can attach to the calculus because it is a rougher surface than tooth enamel. It is also rougher than cementum, the layer that covers the tooth root itself.

What is Periodontitis?

Damage from periodontal disease also can cause your teeth to become loose. This is a sign of severe periodontitis. Periodontitis is the advanced stage of periodontal disease when it has spread to below the gum-line. As the gums swell from the ever-increasing plaque bacteria, they detach from the tooth. This process forms a space or “pocket” between the tooth and gum. Bacteria can grow rapidly in these pockets. This encourages further plaque buildup.

How Do You Prevent Periodontal Disease?

The causes and effect of periodontal disease can be devastating to the health of your teeth and gums. You can prevent periodontal disease by practicing good oral hygiene and visiting your dentist regularly. It is recommended that you should see your dentist once every six months. If you have active gum disease (or periodontitis), you may need to visit your dentist or a periodontist more often.

Brushing your teeth daily and flossing regularly (when done correctly) can help to remove most of the plaque from your teeth. Professional cleanings by your dental hygienist will help to keep the plaque under control in those hard-to-reach places that toothbrushes and floss just cannot reach.

If left untreated, periodontal disease may destroy the periodontal ligament and the alveolar bone. These are the very structures that support your teeth, and the outcome is often tooth loss.

Schedule Your Consultation Today

At Peace Periodontics, we can help show you how to take care of your teeth – as part of a healthy lifestyle – so you will have a smile that can last a lifetime. If you have been referred to see a periodontist or if you suspect you are experiencing the signs and symptoms of gum disease, or want to learn more about the causes and effect of gum disease, we invite you to contact our office for an appointment.

To learn more about Periodontitis, we invite you to contact Peace Periodontics to schedule a consultation appointment.

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